Emancipation Fact Sheet
Parents Seeking to Terminate Parental Rights:
There is no legal action to end your own responsibilities as a parent. No parent may terminate the rights of the other parent.
However, step-parents may seek to adopt a child. Probate Court will usually grant a step-parent adoption if the other parent has failed to communicate or support the child for over a one year. If the adoption is granted, parental rights and the duty to support end.
A parent may consent to the adoption of his or her child by another. An adoption terminates all parental rights.
There is no Ohio law that allows a parent to emancipate a child in order to end the duty to support. The duty to support can continue beyond age 18. This can occur if the child is not able to support himself due to pre-existing physical or mental disabilities.
A minor may become emancipated by marriage, self-support and /or residence beyond the care and control of parents. The emancipation of a child who is capable of supporting himself discharges parents from their duty to provide support. However, if the child becomes unable to support himself, the duty to support may revive.
A child may seek to have himself declared emancipated in Probate Court in order to sue for injury and to settle a claim.
This article is meant to give you general information and not to give you specific legal advice. Prepared by Community Legal Aid Services, Inc. Updated May 2012. CE-43-F169-CLAS